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Comparison of MELD-Na versus MELDNa in the prediction of short-term prognosis for acute-on-chronic hepatitis B liver failure. [Article in Chinese]

He WP, Hu JH, Tong JJ, Liu FF, Wang HF. Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2011 May 10;91(17):1173-7.

Source

Liver Disease Centre for Military Staff, No. 302 Hospital of PLA, Beijing 100039, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the short-term prognostic values for the model of end-stage liver disease-sodium (MELD-Na), end-stage liver disease sodium (MELDNa) and their dynamic changes in patients with acute-on-chronic hepatitis B liver failure (ACLF-HBV).

METHODS:

A total of 172 patients diagnosed with ACLF-HBV, admitted between January 2007 to February 2009 and hospitalized for over 2 weeks, were retrospectively recruited. The predictive accuracy of MELD-Na, MELDNa and their dynamic change (Δ) was compared by the method of the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve.

RESULTS:

The 3-month mortality rate was 43.6%. The largest concordance (c) statistic predicting 3-month mortality was MELDNa score after a 2-week treatment (0.790), followed by MELD-Na (0.728) score, ΔMELDNa (0.713) and ΔMELD-Na (0.646). The average MELD-Na, MELDNa scores after a 2-week treatment and ΔMELD-Na, ΔMELDNa of survival group were 27.7 8.9, 25.9 5.0, -2.1 10.0 and -1.9 4.2 while those of dead group 34.6 8.7, 31.5 5.0, 2.4 10.3 and 2.4 10.3. There was significant difference in MELD-Na, MELDNa, ΔMELD-Na and ΔMELDNa between two groups. The 3-month mortality of the MELD-Na scores group < 25, 25 - 30, 30 - 35 and > 35 were 18.9%, 37.8%, 57.6% and 65.3% while the MELDNa scores group 14.6%, 33.3%, 72.5% and 84.2% respectively. There was significant difference in the 3-month mortality between four groups. The 3-month mortality of the ΔMELD-Na > 0 group was 58.5% while that of the ΔMELD-Na ≤ 0 group 30%; the 3-month mortality of the ΔMELDNa > 0 group was 61.3% while that of the ΔMELDNa ≤ 0 group 29.9%. There was significant difference between two groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

MELDNa score after a 2-week treatment is a promising and useful predictor for 3-month mortality in ACLF-HBV patients. The predictive value may further improve if in conjunctions with dynamic changes.

ACHIEVMENTS

    • Total cases enrolled = 4279
    • Total centers across Asia = 50
    • Total manuscripts = 6
    • Total video conferences conducted = 37
    • Total abstract presented in conference by AARC group = 44