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Pre-core/basal-core promoter and reverse transcriptase mutations in chronic HBV infected-patients

Xu L, Chen EQ, Lei J, Liu L, Zhou TY, Gao Z, Tang H. Hepatogastroenterology. 2012 Jan-Feb;59(113):212-5. doi: 10.5754/hge10122.


Sichuan University, Sichuan, China.



Some HBV mutations have been shown to have an association with liver disease. The aim of the study was to investigate the incidence of mutations in hepatitis B virus (HBV) pre-core/basal core promoter (BCP) and reverse transcriptase (RT) regions and their relationship with disease progression in chronic HBV-infected patients.


A total of 133 patients were enrolled in this study, comprising the acute-on-chronic hepatitis B liver failure (ACLF-HBV) and chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients. The pre-core/ BCP and RT gene fragments were amplified by high-fidelity PCR. Mutations of pre-core/BCP and RT regions were examined by direct sequencing.


There were no significant differences in age, the average level of ALT and course of disease between the ACLF-HBV and CHB groups. The HBeAg positive rate and average values of HBV-DNA loads of the ACLF-HBV patients were lower than that of CHB patients. In HBV pre-core/ BCP region, the point mutations T1753C (39.06% vs. 21.74%, p<0.01), A1762T (26.56% vs. 13.04%, p<0.05), G1764A (31.25% vs. 18.84%, p<0.01), G1896A (29.69% vs. 15.94%, p<0.05) and G1899 (23.44% vs. 10.14%, p<0.05) were significantly more frequent in the ACLFHBV than CHB patients. For combined mutations, A1762T+G1764A (23.43% vs. 11.59 %, p<0.05) and G1896A+ G1899A (21.88% vs. 13.04%, p<0.05) were significantly more frequent in ACLF-HBV than CHB patients. However, there were no significant differences in RT mutations between two groups.


ACLFHBV patients had more frequent mutations in HBV precore/ BCP region than that of CHB patients. Some mutations in HBV pre-core/BCP region might be related to the aggravation of chronic HBV infection.


    • Total cases enrolled = 10468
    • Total centers across Asia = More than 95
    • Total manuscripts = More than 40
    • Total video conferences conducted = 97
    • Total abstract presented in conference by AARC group = More than 50

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