Pre-core/basal-core promoter and reverse transcriptase mutations in chronic HBV infected-patients
Xu L, Chen EQ, Lei J, Liu L, Zhou TY, Gao Z, Tang H. Hepatogastroenterology. 2012 Jan-Feb;59(113):212-5. doi: 10.5754/hge10122.
Sichuan University, Sichuan, China.
BACKGROUND / AIMS:
Some HBV mutations have been shown to have an association with liver disease. The aim of the study was to investigate the incidence of mutations in hepatitis B virus (HBV) pre-core/basal core promoter (BCP) and reverse transcriptase (RT) regions and their relationship with disease progression in chronic HBV-infected patients.
A total of 133 patients were enrolled in this study, comprising the acute-on-chronic hepatitis B liver failure (ACLF-HBV) and chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients. The pre-core/ BCP and RT gene fragments were amplified by high-fidelity PCR. Mutations of pre-core/BCP and RT regions were examined by direct sequencing.
There were no significant differences in age, the average level of ALT and course of disease between the ACLF-HBV and CHB groups. The HBeAg positive rate and average values of HBV-DNA loads of the ACLF-HBV patients were lower than that of CHB patients. In HBV pre-core/ BCP region, the point mutations T1753C (39.06% vs. 21.74%, p<0.01), A1762T (26.56% vs. 13.04%, p<0.05), G1764A (31.25% vs. 18.84%, p<0.01), G1896A (29.69% vs. 15.94%, p<0.05) and G1899 (23.44% vs. 10.14%, p<0.05) were significantly more frequent in the ACLFHBV than CHB patients. For combined mutations, A1762T+G1764A (23.43% vs. 11.59 %, p<0.05) and G1896A+ G1899A (21.88% vs. 13.04%, p<0.05) were significantly more frequent in ACLF-HBV than CHB patients. However, there were no significant differences in RT mutations between two groups.
ACLFHBV patients had more frequent mutations in HBV precore/ BCP region than that of CHB patients. Some mutations in HBV pre-core/BCP region might be related to the aggravation of chronic HBV infection.