Efficacy of lamivudine on acute-on-chronic liver failure in patients with chronic hepatitis B.[Article in Chinese]
Xiao L, Qi JH, Shi XF, Sun YC, Yan XZ, Ren H. Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi. 2012 Jun;20(6):438-41. doi: 10.3760/cma.j.issn.1007-3418.2012.06.012.
The Infection Department of Second Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China.
To observe the therapeutic effects of lamivudine treatment in patients with early- to mid-stage hepatitis B virus-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF). Clinical data of 73 hospitalized patients with HBV-ACLF were retrospectively analyzed. Prothrombin time (PT, active coagulation), HBV DNA, and model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score data from treatment weeks 4, 8, 24, and 48 were collected and analyzed using the statistical t-test. During the treatment duration, the complete virologic response rates were 57.5% (42/73) at 4 weeks, 71.0% (44/62) at 8 weeks, 83.1% (49/59) at 24 weeks, and 86.5% (45/52) at 48 weeks. The partial virologic response rates were 30.1% (22/73) at 4 weeks, 25.8% (16/62) at 8 weeks, 17.0% (10/59) at 24 weeks, and 13.5% (7/52) at 48 weeks. At week 48, the survival rate was 71.2% (52/73) and the probability of survival was higher in the complete virological response rate (VRR) group than in the partial VRR group [45/73 (61.6%) vs. 7/73 (30.1%), respectively; P = 0.000]. In addition, there were significant improvements in the serum normalization rate of HBV DNA, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, albumin, total bilirubin, PT and MELD score in surviving patients compared to baseline (P less than 0.05) and in the complete VRR group compared to the partial VRR group (P less than 0.05). Antiviral therapy using lamivudine may be an effective therapeutic option for patients with HBV-ACLF.