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Effects of xenogeneic adipose-derived stem cell transplantation on acute-on-chronic liver failure.

Zhu W, Shi XL, Xiao JQ, Gu GX, Ding YT, Ma ZL. Hepatobiliary Pancreat Dis Int. 2013 Feb;12(1):60-7.

Source

The Combination of Chinese Medicine with Western Medicine Gulou Clinical Medical College, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing 210008, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) are particularly attractive in future clinical applications of stem cell-based therapy for acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF). This study was undertaken to evaluate the therapeutic potential of ADSCs on ACLF.

METHODS:

ADSCs isolated from porcine fat tissue were expanded and labeled with BrdU. Rabbit models of ACLF were created by administration of D-Gal following CCl4-induced cirrhosis. One day after administration of D-Gal, rabbits of the ACLF/ADSCs group (n=15) were received ADSCs transplantation, while those in the ACLF/saline group (n=15) were treated with the same volume of saline. Biochemical parameters and histomorphological scoring were evaluated; the distribution and characteristics of transplanted ADSCs as well as the pathology of the liver were examined.

RESULTS:

ADSCs transplantation improved the survival rate and the liver function of rabbits with ACLF. Biochemical parameters of the ACLF/ADSCs group were improved compared with those of the ACLF/saline group, and histomorphological scoring of the ACLF/ADSCs group was significantly lower than that of the ACLF/saline group. ADSCs were identified in the periportal region of the liver after cell transplantation.

CONCLUSIONS:

Xenogenic ADSCs have therapeutic efficacy in the ACLF rabbit model.

ACHIEVMENTS

    • Total cases enrolled = 4279
    • Total centers across Asia = 50
    • Total manuscripts = 6
    • Total video conferences conducted = 37
    • Total abstract presented in conference by AARC group = 44